Hip dysplasia is a condition that affects the hip joint. These two words alarm dog owners of enormous and giant breeds, although hip dysplasia can affect any size or type of dog. This painful ailment can dramatically diminish a dog’s quality of life and is tough to watch for owners. The good news is that practicing proper dog ownership and learning about potential health issues such as hip dysplasia can go a long way toward ensuring the dog’s comfort.
1.What Is Canine Hip Dysplasia?
It is a common bone ailment that affects large and gigantic breed dogs, but it can also affect smaller breeds. Owners must first grasp the basic anatomy of the hip joint to comprehend how the disease operates.
The hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The ball and socket do not fit or develop properly in dogs with hip dysplasia, and they rub and grind instead of sliding smoothly. This causes the joint to deteriorate over time and eventually lose its function.
2. What Causes Hip Dysplasia in Dogs?
It is caused by several causes, the first of which is heredity. Hip dysplasia is a hereditary condition that affects large canines such as Great Danes, Saint Bernard’s, Labrador Retrievers, and German Shepherd Dogs. Excessive growth rate, different types of exercise, an imbalanced diet, and other factors can amplify this hereditary susceptibility.
Some puppies have unique nutritional needs, necessitating the use of large-breed puppy food. These meals can help prevent excessive development, which can cause skeletal problems like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and other joint problems. Slowing the growth of these breeds allows their joints to mature without being overworked, reducing the risk of future problems.
3. Symptoms in Dogs
Hip dysplasia can manifest itself in dogs as young as four months old. Others get it as they get older, along with osteoarthritis. There are a few indications that owners should be aware of in both circumstances. The symptoms include.
- Decreased activity
- Decreased range of motion
- Difficulty or reluctance rising, jumping, running, or climbing stairs
- Lameness in the hind end
- Swaying, “bunny hopping” gait
- Grating in the joint during movement
- Loss of thigh muscle mass
- Noticeable enlargement of the shoulder muscles as they compensate for the hind end
- Stiffness or limping
4. Treating Dysplasia in Dogs
It can be treated in a variety of ways, ranging from lifestyle changes to surgery. The veterinarian may propose a nonsurgical option if the dog’s hip dysplasia is not severe, or if the dog is not a surgical candidate for medical or economical reasons. The vet may recommend the following, depending on the dog’s situation:
- Weight loss to relieve stress on the hips
- Restriction of exercise, especially on hard surfaces
- Physical therapy is a type of treatment that is used
- Supplements for the joints
- Medications that reduce inflammation (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids)
- Modifiers of joint fluid