Pet owners of large-breed dogs are terrified of the term “hip dysplasia,” although it may affect dogs of any size. Some dog owners confuse arthritis with it, although hip dysplasia in dogs occurs when the dog is young, unlike arthritis.

But what exactly is hip dysplasia, plus why is it such a source of anxiety for pet owners? Everything you need to know about it, from signs and symptoms to treatments and care, is right here.


What Is Hip Dysplasia In Dogs?

German Shepherd hip dysplasia is a skeletal condition that affects the hip joint. It is characterized by faulty hip growth or development in dogs. This orthopedic ailment primarily affects large-breed or giant-breed dogs, but it can afflict dogs of any size or breed.

The hip joint is made up of a ball and socket joint. The femoral head is a smooth, spherical ball that fits snugly into the pelvic concave acetabulum (hip socket). When the hind leg muscles are employed, a correct fit provides frictionless movement, which permits the bones to glide effortlessly over one another. This is further helped by the fibrous joint capsule, lubricating fluid, and smooth cartilage covering the ends of the bones.

Hip Dysplasia Signs and Symptoms

The following are some signs or symptoms of hip dysplasia if your dog or puppy is suffering from it:

  • Getting out of bed,
  • Stair climbing difficulties
  • Jumping or other physical workouts are challenging.
  • They may also get drowsy or exhibit a reduction in activity.
  • Limping in one or both rear legs
  • Hoping like a rabbit
  • Limping after physical activity
  • Muscular mass reduction in one or both back legs

How Did It Cause?

Genetics and diet are the two most common causes of hip dysplasia in dogs. While genetics influence whether a dog gets hip dysplasia, the nutritional study indicates that eating foods high in calcium or calories contributes to the condition’s development.

If you have a medium, big, or giant breed puppy, giving them healthy puppy food developed for large breeds will lower their chance of getting the disease. Additionally, assist children in avoiding fast weight growth throughout their first year of life. Discuss your dog’s food with your veterinarian and have them propose one that will be optimal for your dog’s growth and development.

How To Properly Diagnose It?

A veterinary practitioner must diagnose hip dysplasia, as with any medical health issue. Vets must be able to observe their pet’s movements. A physical examination of the dog’s mobility is a critical initial step in determining CHD. A physical exam will be performed to check for soreness or stiffness in the hip joints, and X-rays will be taken to confirm the disease.

Don’t be alarmed if your dog has hip dysplasia. There are various strategies to guarantee that your furry friend may have a happy, normal life with you.

What Is Its Treatment?

hip-dysplasia-TreatmentBefore buying a German shepherd pup it is always recommended to check its bloodline since it can indicate the potential treatment options. Many treatments are beneficial in relieving pain in older dogs and preventing future harm in pups. Maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen are the most fundamental therapies, but they are also the most crucial.


Make sure your dog maintains a healthy weight to avoid hip joint problems. Regular exercise will strengthen your muscles and keep them from degenerating. Exercise is especially beneficial for puppies and young dogs.

However, excessive activity can cause muscle and joint injury, so talk with your veterinarian to develop a schedule that fits your canine buddy.

Orthopedic Braces:

If your dog or puppy is not a surgical candidate, there are several non-invasive, conservative care choices available. Ortho Canine’s Hip Hound Brace, for example, provides support and stability to decrease strain on dog joints and enable post-surgical rehabilitation or pain-free exercise. Braces come in a variety of sizes, so you can pick one that is ideal for your pet and provides optimum support.

The sooner pups and younger dogs are treated, the better the prognosis. To reduce the course of the condition, we recommend bracing paired with exercise as soon as feasible.

Therapies and Supplements:

Veterinarian-approved medicine, including anti-inflammatory meds and joint supplements, may also be beneficial in reducing swelling and strengthening your dog’s joints. Acupuncture, animal chiropractic, massage treatment, and physical therapy can also help lessen discomfort over time.


There are several aspects to consider before deciding on a surgical procedure. A surgical intervention provides a positive prognosis in many situations and can return dogs to normal function and normal life. Dogs under the age of 18 weeks can receive a joint-saving operation called juvenile pubic epiphysiodesis. A triple pelvic osteotomy can be performed on dogs under the age of ten months. Total hip replacements and femoral head osteotomies are the most common surgeries for older dogs that are skeletally mature and have increased joint discomfort and reduced movement.

To discover the best alternatives for your pet, consult with your primary care veterinarian or a board-certified veterinary surgeon.

If you have never had a dog previously, always take advice on adopting a German shepherd from experienced pet owners. They will guide you well and will help you to understand how to take care of a puppy with hip dysplasia.